Wondering why you should bother with making CBD oil yourself when there’s already a plethora of products being sold on the market? A major benefit is that you can concoct your very own, personalised CBD oil recipe that suits your needs. From choosing what kind of oil or alcohol base you use, to knowing exactly what kind of cannabis is in the product, making your own CBD oil gives you the peace of mind of knowing exactly what’s in the bottle. Moreover, making it yourself means you can personalise it to your tastes and needs, from using the strain you prefer to being able to adjust the recipe and knowing how to make CBD oil stronger or weaker. Since dosage is different for everyone it’s helpful to be able to produce the volume of CBD oil that best suits your needs. Lastly, making your own CBD oil with ingredients you personally sourced means you avoid consuming the additives and refined oils that some commercial CBD oil suppliers add to their products.
Yes, it is safe to make CBD oil. CBD oil consists of a carrier substance such as oil or alcohol and hemp/cannabis. CBD is a non-psychoactive substance. CBD occasionally contains small trace amounts of THC (up to 0.3% legally), but it is very unlikely that this amount would show up on a drug test or make you feel intoxicated. Use food-safe oils (olive, coconut, avocado, ghee etc..) or food-grade alcohol, and consume within one year.
Why make your own CBD oil?
On the flip side, making your own CBD oil can be hard to perfect. The compounds in hemp and cannabis are sensitive to heat, so if you aren’t careful you may accidentally overheat the buds during the decarboxylation process and render them useless. It can be expensive to buy large quantities of oil, cannabis/hemp, and to invest in decarboxylators and infusers, so if you only use CBD oil occasionally, it is likely more economical for you to simply purchase CBD oil or tincture.
Similar to CBD oil, CBD tinctures are made with the decarboxylation and infusion method. Cannabis/CBD tinctures are alcohol-based, but consumed in the same way as CBD oil. For dosage, start low and go slow is common wisdom. For making tinctures, it is essential to choose a food-grade, high-proof, alcohol such as Everclear. Double check that the alcohol is safe for consumption. Higher alcohol content will help dissolve the cannabis resin/CBD isolate.
It’s easy to see why making CBD oil is an excellent choice. Cannabidiol (CBD) bonds well with oil, and CBD oil has a high bioavailability, making it a popular choice. You can use common oils such as olive oil, coconut oil, avocado oil, ghee, and even butter. Note that the oil you choose will have an effect on the taste and texture of the final product. For a neutral, tasteless oil, use MCT oil (medium chain triglyceride). Let’s learn how to make CBD oil !
If you use a high-THC strain for your CBD oil, you should not use your oil before operating machinery or driving and should proceed carefully until you find out how the oil will affect you. Cannabis, when taken orally, can take up to 90 minutes to take effect.
There is an overwhelming abundance of retailers selling CBD tinctures and oil on the open market, but it can be hard to determine the quality and purity of the product you’re buying. Unless you’re buying from a trusted retailer like Joy Organics (see our CBD Buyer’s Guide to learn what to look for when buying CBD products), sorting out the good products from the junk can be difficult.
The Science Of The At-Home CBD Extraction Process
You will extract CBD into the oil using heat and then strain off the plant material, leaving CBD-enriched oil behind. The resulting oil is much easier to work with than what the alcohol method yields, and there are fewer precautions you need to take throughout the preparation process. To do this, you’ll need:
This means that it is legal to order organically-grown hemp flower in all fifty states, and you can then use this hemp plant to make your CBD oil. Since hemp contains no psychoactive effects you’ll get all the health benefits from the high CBD, CBN, CBG, and other non-psychoactive cannabinoids contained in the hemp flower.
To create a DIY CBD Oil, you must always use a carrier oil as your solvent—we recommend MCT oil, or coconut oil, for increased bioavailability, but you could much more easily use olive oil, hempseed oil—heck, you could even use butter! Ultimately, it’s up to you and how you want to use the final product.
Cannabis oil is the foundation ingredient for ultra-healing homemade topical lotions, ointments, and salves – my favorite way to use it! Both THC and CBD have excellent anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and antioxidant properties. Studies have shown that cannabinoids have the ability to reduce acne, fine lines and wrinkles, soothe redness and irritation, and balance natural skin oils. Also, cannabinoids (THC especially) are analgesic – meaning they reduce pain. I regularly use our homemade cannabis salve on my knees, ankles, and other aching or inflamed joints and muscles.
Follow along with these step-by-step instructions to learn how to make homemade cannabis oil. We’ll also briefly discuss the science behind cannabis oil, and what types of cannabis to use to make oil. Finally, we’ll go over various ways to use homemade cannabis oil, including some notes about caution and dosing with edibles.
Your choice! You can make cannabis-infused oil with hemp or marijuana, depending on what is legal and available in your area. Or, what you’re desired end-results are. Hemp oil will only contain CBD (or a very minuscule amount of THC), while marijuana-infused oil will likely contain both THC and CBD. The ratio and concentration of THC and/or CBD depends on the strain of marijuana and particular plant it came from.
Hemp Oil, CBD Oil, THC, or…
Therefore, our cannabis oil recipe calls for decarboxylated cannabis as well. I provide very brief instructions on how to decarb raw cannabis below, but you can read further information about exactly how and why to decarb cannabis in the oven in this article.
On the other hand, simply chopping up weed to add to your brownie mix is not a good idea, for many reasons. As we already explored, cannabinoids are fat-soluble. That means that they not only bind with oils during the infusion process, but also that cannabinoids are more readily absorbed and digested in our bodies when they’re consumed with fat – such as oil. If you add raw cannabis to baked goods, it is less likely that the cannabinoids will bind to fats for a consistent and effective edible experience. Using decarboxylated cannabis to make cannabis oil further increases precision and consistency.
Cannabis oil is made by lightly heating (and thus infusing) cannabis in a “carrier oil”. Cannabinoids like CBD and THC, the most active components in cannabis, are both hydrophobic. That means they don’t like water, and are actually repelled by water molecules. On the flip side, CBD and THC are both fat-soluble. They like to bind with fatty acid molecules – such as those found in oil. When cannabis is steeped in oil, the THC and CBD molecules leave the buds or plant material and become one with the oil instead.
Most cannabis oil recipes call for cannabis that has already been properly decarboxylated first. The most common and fuss-free way is to decarb cannabis in the oven, and then add it to oil over a very low heat afterwards – avoiding further decarboxylation. Some folks choose to decarb their raw cannabis on the stovetop simultaneously with the oil infusion process. However, that requires significantly more careful monitoring to hit that time-temperature sweet spot (and not ruin it).