CBD typically causes minimal side effects. However, some users have reported dry mouth, fatigue, or other symptoms. Individuals that choose to consume CBD should inform their physicians and maintain any doctor-approved treatment plans and regimens.
State laws and attitudes regarding cannabis have continued to shift, allowing CBD products to be sold online and in retail markets.
CBD: How It Works in the Body
With the cannabis industry booming, there is an increase in the variety of cannabis-related products available. Whether individuals prefer to smoke cannabis or take it in another form, options abound. As the cannabis industry has expanded, there has been an increased demand for edibles, topical creams, and other products.
Hemp-derived CBD is available for purchase across many states in the U.S. The Farm Bill of 2018 took hemp-derived CBD from the list of federally scheduled and regulated substances. Individuals can consume hemp-derived CBD in most states that contain no more than 0.3% THC in various forms, including capsules, oils, and edibles.
One advantage that CBD oil has over CBD edibles is that it has a greater bioavailability when consumed sublingually. Bioavailability is defined as the degree and rate that a drug or other substance (in this case, cannabidiol), is absorbed. CBD’s bioavailability is determined by the method of consumption.
Ever since the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 legalized hemp-derived cannabidiol or CBD , medical marijuana products have flooded the market. Burgers , coffee, cartridges , pet shampoo — you name it and there’s probably a version that contains CBD, as consumers have quickly realized. According to one 2018 study, CBD users report using, on average, two different forms of CBD, with the most popular delivery method being sublingual, or taken under the tongue.
Many brands offer vaporizers with CBD.
Edibles (including pills and capsules)
Pros: Vaping is the fastest way to potentially feel results. Peak bloodstream levels occur around 10 minutes but most people can start feeling the effects within a few minutes of the first inhalation and the effects can stick around for three to five hours. “When you vape or smoke, it quickly hits the bloodstream, so there is a quick effect onset that tapers off more quickly than edibles,” says Boehnke.
Cons: Absorption can be slow, erratic and variable, according to research. “If you eat an edible, it actually takes a while to hit the bloodstream because it has to be digested and metabolized by the liver,” says Boehnke. “So it takes a while to take effect but then that lasts a lot longer and tapers more slowly.” And things like how much food someone has recently eaten can affect how much CBD is absorbed by the body, which is usually around 20%-30%. Peak bloodstream levels are usually achieved within one to two hours, though it can take up to six. That variability makes edibles the least predictable methods of using CBD.
Lastly, vape cartridges can contain propylene glycol , a liquid alcohol that’s also found in e-cigarettes and can break down into formaldehyde, a probable carcinogen, at high temperatures. There are “solvent-free” oils on the market that don’t use propylene glycol, and come with a certificate of analysis detailing what chemicals are present.