What are THC and CBD? Or the difference between a CBD oil and THC oil? Discover all about cannabis oils and discover which is best for you! What’s The Difference Between THC Oil, Hemp Oil, CBD Oil and Hash Oil First, hemp and cannabis are not different plants per se. They are breeds or varieties of the same species: cannabis
CBD oil & THC oil: What’s the Difference?
THC and CBD are both molecules extracted from cannabis. These molecules are known as cannabinoids, a type of compound that was first discovered in the cannabis plant that can be integrated with the human body. However, while CBD and THC are both cannabinoids, they are both used for distinct purposes and their legal status often differs.
THC Meaning and CBD
THC is used in reference to delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, another compound that can be found in hemp and cannabis. The tetrahydrocannabinol part is where we get the initialism ‘THC’. There are other forms of THC, such as delta 8 THC, which is less potent that delta 9. However, THC is used as a general term, which helps keep things simple.
CBD stands for cannabidiol, an ingredient that has exploded in popularity during the last few years and is commonly used in supplements including CBD oils, balms and edibles. According to Global Market Insights, the CBD market will be worth over $1bn by 2027 because of increasing sales in major retail outlets and improving regulation.
THC vs. CBD
The major difference in purpose between CBD and THC is the desired effect. The easy way to think about it is THC is responsible for getting people high whereas CBD will not get you high in any dose.
People will largely use pure THC recreationally for a high that can be sustained throughout the day as an alternative to smoking cannabis.
- A “high” (euphoria or relaxation)
- Heightened or distorted senses (colours and sound etc.)
- Reduced reaction times
- Impaired coordination
- Increased heart rate
- Memory loss
Pure CBD, however, has no psychotropic properties and is never used to get high. Psychotropic simply means that the chemical affects the mind in an intoxicating way; check out our article on the difference between psychotropic and psychoactive for more information.
The side effects of THC, such as memory loss and impaired coordination do not apply to pure CBD. According to the NHS, pure CBD products “do not carry [the] unknown risks linked with THC”.
Both chemicals can be used in similar products, aside from just raw cannabis. You can find THC in products such as THC oils, THC e liquid or THC vape oils and THC capsules/pills. Many of these products are illegal, because of their intoxicating effects.
We can find CBD in similar products such as CBD oils, vape juices and tablets. These are legal in far more regions, providing their THC level is below a certain threshold.
THC Oil vs CBD Oil
THC oil is best known for inducing the effects typically associated with cannabis: the “stoned” effect, and paranoia. By contrast, CBD has been shown to not induce those effects.
CBD oil will not get you high. If you’ve done your research into CBD, then make sure you look for oils that highlight how much CBD is in each bottle. Our advice would be to avoid searching for terms like ‘cannabis oil’ or ‘hemp oil’ since it only confuses matters.
Admittedly, CBD is popular currently, so it’s likely that if someone refers to a cannabis or hemp oil, they’re talking about a CBD product. However, there’s another end of the spectrum that often comes under the banner of cannabis oil: THC oil, which most people will not be looking for.
Is THC Oil Legal in the UK?
THC oil is not legal in the UK and you won’t find it for sale legally. CBD is legal as long as retailers sell it according to MHRA regulations, which means CBD products cannot contain above a certain level of THC. Most countries limit the amount of THC in the hemp extract used for CBD oils to 0.3% (in the UK it’s 0.2%). If you’re concerned about THC content, make sure you look for CBD oils with a guarantee of 0.0% THC.
Does CBD contain THC?
Technically speaking, CBD cannot contain THC as they are completely separate molecules. CBD oils, balms and other products however may contain THC. CBD oils sold in the UK however, should not contain any THC if they are sold legally. For example, Vitality CBD guarantees 0.0% THC in all CBD products. Independent lab reports confirm this; you can even view these CBD lab reports online.
Is cannabis oil CBD or THC?
Cannabis oil or hemp oil is not necessarily the same as CBD oil or THC oil. Since cannabis and hemp oil is a blanket term for all oils derived from the cannabis plant, it could describe many byproducts. There are hemp-derived oils, marijuana-derived oils, hemp seed oils, THC oils and CBD oils.
CBD and THC: Hemp vs. marijuana
While both CBD and THC are extracted from cannabis, the type of cannabis used can help in obtaining the desired compound in greater quantities.
Cannabis itself just refers to the overall plant family. It’s a genus, in much the same way as Eucalyptus and Rhododendron, meaning it covers a large spread of different strains and species. The two primary species are sativa and indica, but the most important differentiating factor for users comes down to the individual strain.
The key difference between strains of cannabis from a user perspective is the balance of two chemicals: CBD and THC.
From a consumer perspective, this is what matters most when discussing different cannabis strains. The easiest distinction is to split strains between hemp and marijuana. Hemp covers any plants grown specifically for industrial purposes, e.g. rope, paper, clothing and biofuel.
In contrast, marijuana is the terminology used for plants grown for purely recreational purposes. Explore our article on growing hemp and cannabis for more information on cultivating this fascinating plant.
The crucial difference beyond intended use is the divide in CBD and THC levels. Since THC is the main psychotropic ingredient in cannabis, plants grown under the marijuana banner will have high THC levels. Conversely, because CBD isn’t psychotropic, you’ll find it in high levels in hemp plants, which simultaneously have low THC levels.
It makes sense then that THC oil is predominantly harvested from the recreational strains, while CBD products are largely extracted from industrial hemp. Both compounds are then subject to further processes that ensure the levels of either cannabinoid are adjusted accordingly, but you can chart the journey of each oil right back to how the plants were bred.
What’s The Difference Between THC Oil, Hemp Oil, CBD Oil and Hash Oil
First, hemp and cannabis are not different plants per se. They are breeds or varieties of the same species: cannabis sativa. Nevertheless, the two varieties have several significant differences that range from how they grow and look to their uses and the chemical compounds in their extractions.
For instance, while hemp grows up to fifteen feet tall with long, massive stalks, cannabis grows outward with more leaves and buds and rarely exceeds five feet in height. The industrial hemp plants also seem to grow comfortably closely packed together while each cannabis plant requires some space to grow.
But the most significant difference, especially in regard to the oils, is in the chemical compounds they contain, which are also referred to as cannabinoids. Cannabis-derived oils are increasingly popular, and their uses and properties differ depending on what part of the plant they come from and how they are created. Here is a quick run-through of the differences in these oils and their uses.
THC Oil/Cannabis oil
Cannabis oil is made using the bud of the marijuana plant plus some other type of oil. Cannabis oil is high in THC which means that it has psychoactive properties. The most common uses of cannabis oil are to get high, as it is commonly used to cook “edibles.”Marijuana oil, cannabis oil or THC oil normally refer to the same thing. An oil made from (Dutch) marijuana with a high concentration of THC. The purpose is to become high, though the medicinal effect becomes more and more important. Cannabis oils generally have a strong aroma, and come in light or dark green and brown colors. Cannabis oils are potent sources of THC which means it will give you a good buzz, but also contains many cannabinoids with therapeutic properties. It is commonly used to treat cancer, depression, chronic pain, and anxiety and is also a powerful anti-inflammatory. Cannabis oil can be applied directly to the skin or consumed sublingually, although many also enjoy using it as an ingredient in cooking edibles. When consuming cannabis oil, keep in mind that its effects take a while. It’s always recommended to start with low doses then work your way through after waiting 30 minutes to an hour.
USAGES OF THC OIL:
Reduces depression, elevates mood
Provides relaxation/reduces stress
Reduces pain/ inflammation /headaches/ migraines
Reduces nausea, stimulates appetite
Reduces intra-ocular pressure
Reduces seizure frequency/anti-convulsant
In general with Hemp oil one refers to hemp seed oil.It has nearly indistinguishable levels of THC, which means that it does not give users the classic “high” sensation. The seeds of the fiber hemp are a byproduct of the production of hemp. Hemp oil is made by extracting oil by pressing hemp seeds. Hemp seeds are some of the most versatile and nutritious seeds known to man, hence offering tremendous health benefits if consumed. Avoid purchasing refined hemp oil, which is colorless and has no antioxidants or vitamins. Cold-pressed hemp oil is usually green in color. Unrefined cold-pressed hemp oil has serious medicinal and health benefits particularly Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids which are needed for optimum cellular health. It has no THC content and won’t get you high, although only trace amounts of it can be found in hemp oil. Hemp oil is commonly used as an ingredient in health and beauty products. It’s also used in industrial applications such as in the manufacture of plastics, fuel, lubricants, and paint. Hemp oil burns easily so it isn’t recommended for use in cooking. However, hemp oil can be added in dishes that don’t require cooking such as salads.
USAGES OF HEMP OIL:
- Hemp oil is great for cooking and a full of nutrients. It can provide a crispy and nutty taste to foods and can be a wonderful replacement for olive oil in salads.
- It is a great natural moisturizer that can be used after a shower.
- Hemp oil can be the base for different forms of plastic, instead of petroleum.
- It is used in the production of paints that are more eco-friendly than petroleum-based paints.
- It can be used as bio-diesel fuel, like other vegetable oils.
- Hemp oil is used for making lotions, soaps and even some foods.
CBD oil is cannabis oil that has a significant content of cannabidiol. It is made from the flowers, leaves and stalks of hemp and not from its seeds like hemp oil. CBD oil has become very popular in the medical marijuana industry, because it can be helpful in the treatment of various conditions without the typical intoxicating effects of marijuana use. Apart from CBD, we have oils that also contain the cannabinoids CBDA, CBC, CBGA, CBD, CBCA. This oil is often diluted with olive oil or hemp seed oil to improve the dosage and taste. CBD oil is the legal health supplement which provides all the health benefits of consuming cannabis in a concentrated form by extracting only the cannabidoids responsible for those biological effects – but without the mind-altering effects.
USAGES OF CBD OIL:
- Can be used in the treatment of cancer .
- It is used in the treatment of inflammatory disorders, anxiety, depression, seizures and neurodegenerative disorders.
- Can be used in the treatment of epilepsy.
Hash oil is known to be much more potent because it’s a concentrated form of cannabis oil. Just by taking an extremely small amount of hash oil will get you buzzed AF because hash oil contains higher amounts of THC. This means it can get users very high very fast, which may not be a good idea for novice marijuana users. Hash oil is also known as honey oil because of its golden color. Like cannabis oil, it also has medicinal uses for relieving pain, uplifting your mood, and reducing stress. It can be used to make balms or edibles but hash oil can also be smoked, vaped, or dabbed. Hash oils can be applied topically to provide relief from sore muscles and is also popularly used by patients who are suffering from serious, life-threatening conditions thanks to its medicinal value. Hash oil is effective in helping to improve moods as well as stress and pain relief. Hash oil is known to make consumers get high very quickly, which is why it tends to be more popular with a younger crowd who want to get a buzz in a short amount of time.