Ian Jones is a journalist based in Manchester, England. He specialises in technology and food, with a heavy focus on vaping, CBD and medicinal drugs. He began writing professionally over 15 years ago and is a regular contributor to New Scientist, Vice and the Daily Mirror. He is also the resident CBD expert at the respected vaping website Spinfuel. He began looking at CBD in detail after discovering that it cured his mother’s arthritis, and has since become a leading figure in the UK when it comes to educating people about the CBD extraction process and exploring its curative properties.
Whole-plant extracts typically contain a carefully measured amount of the cannabis plant’s most prominent cannabinoid, THC, although usually not in a large enough amount to have any psychological effects. In many countries, a certain percentage of THC is illegal, so it is vital to know the amount of this cannabinoid when manufacturing products that contain full-spectrum CBD. When present together, CBD and its cannabinoid colleagues, as well as terpenes, produce what is known as an entourage effect. The synergistic relationship between cannabinoids and terpenes has been shown to increase the healing properties of each.
However, CBD isolate does have something to offer CBD users that full-spectrum extracts does not. The fact that full-spectrum extracts invariably contain low levels of THC means that some users prefer to play it safe and stick to pure CBD by itself, out of fear of failing a drug test or experiencing a form of “high”, although both of these occurrences have been found to be fairly unlikely.
A study published by the Lautenberg Center for Immunology and Cancer Research, which aimed its focus on the effectiveness of CBD isolate compared to full-plant extract, supported this concept, stating in its summary that “in all of the tests, the isolated CBD was ineffective both before and after a certain dosage, while the effectiveness of the full-spectrum solution continued to increase as higher doses were administered. The results all indicate that CBD is only effective against swelling and pain at a certain dose, and that cannabis solutions containing a full range of cannabinoids will continue to provide corresponding effects as the dosage is increased.”
The wide range of benefits contained in full-spectrum CBD extracts means some CBD merchants have either ceased to sell, or scale down the promotion of CBD isolate, in comparison to the whole-plant extract variety. Companies and individuals who extract CBD themselves are realising that cannabis has more to offer medicinally than just CBD or THC, and that there is little to no reason to not include all that this “super-plant” has to offer in the extraction process.
After extraction it is possible to isolate individual components. A hemp plant naturally contains much more than just cannabinoids. Terpenes and flavonoids are both interesting and helpful for CBD products. Among other things they are responsible for the aromat. Depending on which product is planned, the desired ingredients are isolated. The particular substances then also determine the name of the product.
Cannabinoids are what certain parts of the cannabis plant are called. They are – simply put – chemical connections. These connections occur both in the cannabis plant and in every mammal. Therefore also in our human body. THC and CBD are the only two known cannabinoids out of countless others found in the hemp plant. Science has found that cannabinoids act on the human nervous system. Through our own so-called endocannabinoid system.
What is an isolate?
In addition to pure CBD isolates and full spectrum oils, there is a third term: Broad spectrum oil. This is basically a mixture of both oils. A broad spectrum product contains CBD, terpenes and other ingredients. As with CBD isolate, however, no traces of THC are to be found here. This is completely removed. Therefore, just like the isolate, it is particularly suitable for people who are suspicious of cannabinoids or for people with regular drug screenings. An ‘entourage effect’ cannot be expected with these products.
Science has found out that an interaction of ingredients from the hemp plant could achieve the best effects.The applied cannabinoids, terpenes and oils work together synergistically to create the so-called ‘entourage effect’. CBD alone is a very potent cannabinoid. The combination with good companions achieves the desired effect even more reliably. Full-spectrum products contain a touch of THC. The hemp used naturally has very little THC content. Therefore the limit value (below 0.01%) is always maintained. It is also important here that the certificates of analysis can be easily viewed when purchasing.
CBD, THC, cannabinoids, endocannabinoid system, entourage effect, full spectrum oil, isolate – the list of innovative foreign words associated with the new hype about CBD could go on. It can be confusing and yet just as necessary. With this article we will bring a little more light into the dark. We will explain the differences between full spectrum, broad spectrum and isolate and further takinga look at the herbal cannabinoid system. However, to understand the differences, we first need to understand what cannabinoids actually are.