By now everyone and their grandmother (especially their grandmother, TBH) is well aware of CBD and its purported-borderline miraculous-healing properties. And while the research is slowly validating these claims, anecdotes of CBD's power have been pouring out en masse. Your neighbor's dog no longer has arthritis and your best friend's insomnia and anxiety are suddenly quelled.
All of this has yet to be proven in clinical trials, but there are some early studies showing that CBG may be a promising treatment for several conditions. Keep in mind, this isn't definitive proof, and while some studies show promise, the assertations are "unfounded as of now," says Dr. Solomon.
CBG may also increase your appetite. CBG made "lab animals like rats" hungrier, which is not the school of thought with CBD (as far as we know), according to Dr. Solomon. It's also different from another phytocannabinoid, THCV, which inhibits appetite and may lead to weight loss.
Both CBG and CBD are currently considered non-psychotropic, meaning they won't alter your state of mind in a way that would inhibit your day-to-day function and mental clarity. They can, however, alter your mind in a way that could potentially relieve anxiety and depression. So perhaps a better description of this would be "non-intoxicating"-it won't get you high in the way THC can.
Historically, most people have been familiar with the cannabinoid THC: The compound notoriously known for creating a euphoric intoxication. (Read: It gets you high.) Despite the fact that THC has profound healing powers similar to CBD, it remains stigmatized as the "bad" part of cannabis. That said, of the 120+ cannabinoids present in the cannabis plant, THC is the only compound with the ability to intoxicate. (Keep reading: The Difference Between CBD, THC, Cannabis, Hemp, and Marijuana)
“In order to discuss CBG and the differences between CBD and CBG, it is important to understand some basic terms,” explains Dr. Mintz. To begin, the term "cannabinoid" refers to substances that interact with cannabinoid receptors in the human body. The two main cannabinoid receptors in the body are CB1 and CB2, the former being more associated with the nervous system and the latter more associated with inflammation. Cannabinoids and their receptors are part of our own body's systems of helping regulate a variety of normal functions including pain, appetite, and inflammation. This system is called the endocannabinoid system (ECS).
Plus a clear breakdown of the differences between CBD, THC, and CBG.
What Is CBG, Exactly?
Of course, all of these effects are also seen with CBD, so it’s unclear whether or not CBG, which again is produced by the plant in much lower quantities, has any differentiating properties.
The main difference between CBD and THC is that while THC can make you high, CBD has no psychoactive effects. “The majority of research on CBD by itself has been focused on preventing seizures, and the FDA has recently approved a pharmaceutical grade CBD for use in severe seizures in children. However, there is also some research in humans that shows that CBD can be beneficial for anxiety and inflammation, and may even have anti-cancer properties,” explains Dr. Mintz.
“Our body makes its own cannabinoids (endocannabinoids) and has been doing so for over 600 million years,” Dr. Mintz says. “The two main ones are Anandamide and2-Arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG). The cannabis plant has only been around for 30 million years, but contains hundreds of substances that have biological activities, including many plant-based cannabinoids (phytocannabinoids).”