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CBD oil is approved for the treatment of rare epilepsy cases. Learn more about the safety, appropriate dosage, and potential risks of CBD oil for kids. Many patients report that CBD can have profound positive effects on the symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

Is CBD Oil Safe For Children With Anxiety And ADHD?

The popular cannabidiol oil should be used only under the supervision of a pediatrician.

Dr. Mubina Agboatwalla is a well-known pediatrician, practicing paediatrics since the last 20 years in Karachi Pakistan. She is the head of the department of Pediatrics in Karachi Liaquat Hospital, as well as her private practice in three s. more

Swati Patwal is a clinical nutritionist, a Certified Diabetes Educator (CDE) and a toddler mom with over eight years of experience in diverse fields of nutrition. She started her career as a CSR proje. more

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If you are unaware of using Cannabidiol or CBD oil for kids, you should be reading this post. CBD oil is a component found in the Cannabis Sativa family’s hemp and marijuana plants, making individuals feel high. (1). The oil has gained popularity in recent years for treating various conditions, including chronic pain, stress, insomnia, nausea, and vomiting.

Different procedures are used to extract the oil, including carbon dioxide extraction, ethanol extraction, and hydrocarbon extraction (2). After extraction, the oil is refined and marketed as tinctures, capsules, topicals, chewable gummies, beverages, and other products.

This post discusses the safety of CBD oil for children, including its advantages, age-appropriate dosage, and potential side effects and hazards associated with its use.

Is CBD Oil Safe For Children?

There’s no scientific evidence to prove the safety and efficacy of CBD oil for children. However, one CBD product, namely Greenwich Biosciences’ Epidiolex, has been approved for use as a part of a regulated medication to treat epilepsy in children by the US FDA (3). This prescription drug contains a purified form of CBD that helps treat seizures in children that occur in rare and severe epilepsy forms, such as Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome (4).

Since these epilepsy forms do not respond to anti-seizure medications, CBD use becomes crucial. However, remember that using CBD oil as a standalone medication to treat epilepsy in children isn’t well-researched. Thus, if you want to use CBD oil for treating epilepsy or any other ailment in your child, consult a pediatrician.

Note: CBD is often confused with THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), another cannabinoid found in hemp and marijuana. THC is a psychoactive compound that makes a person feel “high” and causes addiction and psychosis. However, CBD doesn’t have these effects and affects separate brain regions than THC (5).

Uses Of CBD Oil For Children

Apart from treating epilepsy, the FDA doesn’t approve CBD oil’s use to treat any ailment in children. However, studies suggest that CBD oil may be an effective treatment for the treatment of several ailments.

  1. Anxiety: Some recent studies show that CBD oil use may help reduce anxiety (6) (7). Preclinical evidence from animal studies demonstrates that CBD oil use can reduce anxiety associated with multiple disorders, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), generalized stress disorder, and social anxiety disorder (8 ). It helps in relaxing the brain and musculoskeletal system. However, there’s a need for further study to make any recommendations for children.
  1. Autism: A 2019 study on 188 autism spectrum disorder (ASD) patients showed that the use of cannabis oil containing 30 percent CBD and 1.5 percent THC appears to be a “well-tolerated, safe, and effective option to relieve symptoms associated with ASD” (9). Another study involving 60 children also showed some promising results (8 ). However, these results aren’t sufficient for clinical validation as the research samples are quite small.
  1. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD): A systematic review conducted in 2020 highlighted that CBD could help alleviate symptoms of ADHD (10). It helps in calming the child and lowers the hyperactivity. However, currently, no targeted research studies are available to support the use of CBD oil for treating or managing ADHD in children.
  1. Multiple sclerosis (MS): A 2019 study by Thorsten Rudroff and Jacob Sosnoff suggests that CBD use may be associated with less pain and spasticity, ultimately leading to improved mobility and proper sleep (11). The release of musculoskeletal spasms is the mainstay of treatment. Yet, more research is warranted to derive any conclusions about CBD oil use for MS treatment in children.

Side Effects Associated With CBD Oil Use

CBD oil use for children isn’t well-researched, and its unguided use may cause certain side effects, such as

  1. Gastrointestinal disturbances: Upset stomach and abdominal pain are common side effects of CBD oil use in sensitive individuals. So, always consult a doctor or alternative medicine expert before using CBD oil for children.
  1. Toxicity: If CBD oil isn’t used under guidance, there’s a potential risk of overdose and toxicity. Therefore, it’s essential to use CBD oil only after consulting an expert. Some of the symptoms you may see in CBD toxicity are severe nausea or vomiting, high blood pressure, anxiety, paranoia, rapid heart rate, and hallucinations (12).
  1. Possible drug interaction: CBD is a bioactive compound that can interact with other chemicals and compounds in the medications. Since CBD affects the brain and the central nervous system, antidepressants and antipsychotics are the most obvious drugs that can interact with CBD.

Some other drugs that can interact with CBD are blood thinners and thyroid and heart medications (13). Therefore, if your child is on any medication, consult your doctor before using CBD for any purpose.

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Besides these, CBD oil can also cause headaches, drowsiness, dry mouth, and low blood pressure (14).

Note: Milk and foods containing high amounts of fats can increase the absorption of CBD in the body, thus increasing the effects and side effects of CBD on an individual (12).

Possible Risks Associated With CBD Oil Use In Children

Baring Epidiolex, which contains CBD, CBD oil isn’t regulated by the US FDA, making its use in children and teens risky as (5) (8 )

  1. The ingredients of CBD oil can’t be determined accurately, meaning the products can have ingredients that aren’t mentioned on the label. For instance, several products that claim to contain only CBD may also contain high doses of THC, a psychoactive compound.
  1. CBD oil’s quality can’t be ascertained, as there are chances that the oil may be contaminated with microorganisms, pesticides, and heavy metals. Consuming contaminated CBD oil can cause severe effects in sensitive individuals.
  1. The efficacy and safety of CBD oil in children and teens are unclear, and research on this subject is still in its early stages. Also, existing studies have been either done on animals or human adults and not on pediatric patients. Further, the studies that involve children have small sample sizes.
  1. The dosage guidelines aren’t clear, except for CBD used in the drug Epidiolex to treat Epilepsy. Thus, using CBD oil at home is tricky, especially when you aren’t aware of how much CBD oil you can administer to a child to get the desired effect. Also, there is no way to know which mode of use is best and how much CBD would be absorbed in the body based on the method of administration.

Besides these, the legality of the use of CBD oil varies from one country to another and state to state. For instance, according to the US FDA, THC or CBD can’t be sold legally as a dietary supplement, food, or therapeutic product (4). Instead, it can only be included in cosmetics when its THC content is less than 0.3 percent (14). So, check your state’s legal requirements for CBD oil purchase and use before you make any purchases.

How To Choose CBD Oil?

Proper selection of a CBD oil brand can be tricky as it’s manufactured by several companies globally. So, here are some tips that could help (15).

  1. Buy the product from a trusted manufacturer and seller. It will ensure the product you’re buying is of good quality and is not contaminated. Some manufacturers may dilute CBD isolate with hemp seed oil, which can make the product comparatively ineffective as they lack the balance of beneficial components found in broad-spectrum CBD oil (2).
  1. Read the product label carefully and determine the
    • Oil source: The oil should be extracted from hemp or marijuana. Typically, hemp has a significantly less amount of THC when compared to marijuana. THC is a psychoactive chemical that can create dependence over long-term use. So, ensure you buy CBD oil extracted from hemp plants cultivated by domestic farmers. Domestic hemp is typically free of toxins and pesticides.
    • Extraction method: The extraction method indicates how the oil has been extracted from the hemp plant. Typically, CBD oil is extracted using carbon dioxide (CO2) extraction or by using solvents such as ethanol, propane, and butane. Out of these, propane and butane extraction isn’t considered safe as these solvents are toxic and hazardous for children. On the other hand, ethanol and CO2 extraction techniques are safe and potent as they leave no harmful chemicals in the oil.
    • Chemical composition: It signifies whether the oil is full-spectrum or isolate. Full-spectrum CBD oil will contain several phytonutrients, such as flavonoids, terpenes, and trace amounts of THC. If THC’s presence concerns you, look for CBD isolates, which are the pure form of CBD oil.

    But, while you make that choice, consult an expert as concentrated CBD has high amounts of CBD per serving, increasing the chances of overdose.

      • Product certification: Ensure the product has been certified by a reputable third-party testing lab or organization. The lab will test the oil quality and certify that the oil is true to its claim about its chemical composition. It’s best to buy oil that has testing information attached.

      CBD oil for children and adults is the same. However, since children weigh less and are comparatively sensitive, using CBD oil with lower potency is advisable.

      CBD Oil Dosage For Children

      The appropriate dosage of CBD oil for children depends on their body weight, metabolism, medical condition, overall health, and intent of use. For instance, the US FDA has approved the daily oral use of 25mg per kg of body weight for Epidiolex, the prescription drug that contains CBD (14). Its use is approved for children aged one and above.

      However, this dosage may or may not be suitable for every child. So, consult a doctor or alternative medicine expert to determine the appropriate CBD oil dosage and suitable mode of use for a child.

      While CBD oil has gained popularity over the past few years as a remedy for various ailments, it is important to remember that the FDA does not approve CBD oil for kids. More research is needed to support and establish the safety of CBD oils in the treatment of ailments such as anxiety, autism, and ADHD. In addition, it is advisable to refrain from using these oils if your children are on any other medications. Further, consult your pediatrician before using this oil on your child.

      Infographics: How Does CBD Oil Reduce Anxiety And ADHD?

      Although still in its infancy, the research on CBD oil’s effect on anxiety and ADHD has shown promising results. Read through this infographic to understand the possible ways how CBD oil might help manage or treat anxiety and ADHD in children and adults.

      Key Pointers

      • CBD oil or Cannabidiol, a derivative of the cannabis plant, is reportedly used to treat certain neurological ailments, such as epilepsy, in children.
      • It is essential to use this oil only when prescribed by an expert since it poses the risk of side effects such as CBD toxicity, gastric problems, and drug interactions.
      • The oil is not approved for use in children in some countries. Therefore, seek professional advice before using it.
      References:

      MomJunction’s articles are written after analyzing the research works of expert authors and institutions. Our references consist of resources established by authorities in their respective fields. You can learn more about the authenticity of the information we present in our editorial policy.

      CBD and ADHD: 4 Benefits of Using CBD Oil for ADHD

      A chief chemical compound found in the hemp plant, cannabidiol, or CBD, has begun to attract attention for its medical and therapeutic effects. And though the research is in early stages, many patients report that CBD can have profound positive effects on the symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). If you think cannabidiol might help with your ADHD symptoms, it’s important to know what the current research says about everything from potential benefits to side effects. We’ll walk you through some of the documented benefits of using CBD to treat ADHD so that you can have an informed conversation with your doctor about what’s right for you.

      4 Benefits of Using CBD Oil for ADHD

      1. Relaxed Feelings
      2. Reduced Impulsivity
      3. Increased Dopamine
      4. Improved Sleep

      It’s important to remember that CBD is just one of the key compounds found in the hemp and cannabis plants. If you’re worried that using CBD to treat ADHD symptoms can have psychoactive effects or produce a feeling of being high, it should ease your mind to know that the psychoactive effects of the cannabis plant are associated with a different compound—tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC. Unlike THC, which is the active compound associated with marijuana, cannabidiol does not produce a high or have any hallucinogenic or psychoactive properties.

      What CBD does offer is an interaction with the body’s endocannabinoid system , which helps maintain a sense of balance within the body and regulate the production of several key brain chemicals. In fact, the endocannabinoid system is a key player in many physiological functions that underlie symptoms of ADHD, like memory, cognition, mood, concentration and more. According to some ADHD patient reports, using CBD can help stimulate the body’s production of its own endocannabinoids, which may help reduce everything from anxiety and pain to inflammation and even some of the common symptoms associated with ADHD, like hyperactivity and impulsivity.

      One thing is clear from the medical community: cannabidiol treatment at this time should be confined to the treatment of adult ADHD symptoms. Because of the lack of research into the specific mechanism of action, along with long-term effects, CBD is not recommended to treat ADHD symptoms in children.

      Can You Take CBD Oil for ADHD?

      Yes, you can. CBD products are widely available, and you do not need a prescription in order to purchase them. While the research on the medicinal benefits of CBD is in the extremely early stages, there is documentation that some ADHD sufferers find a therapeutic effect from using CBD.

      In most patients, ADHD causes an inability to pay attention or maintain focus, sometimes along with an intense physical restlessness that may make it difficult to concentrate on work or school. Because cannabidiol has been shown to relieve feelings of anxiety in some patients, there may also be reason to explore CBD’s effects on the similar symptoms of ADHD.

      Though not much research on treating ADHD with CBD exists, one 2012 study showed that mice with symptoms of hyperactivity, including a reduced attention span, began to exhibit “normalized” behavior when treated with CBD. Another study from 2020 showed that higher doses of medical cannabis were associated with a decreased use of ADHD stimulation medication in adults.

      It’s important to note that much of the connection between CBD and ADHD has historically come from the reports of individuals with ADHD who self-medicate with cannabidiol. It’s also important to keep in mind that ADHD often goes hand in hand with other challenges, like anxiety and restlessness, both of which have been shown, at some level, to improve with CBD treatment.

      While this offers hope that more research will show a more direct link between CBD use and improved ADHD symptoms, it’s wise to talk with your physician before treating ADHD symptoms on your own. This is especially true if you’re currently taking medication for any other medical condition, some of which may react adversely with cannabidiol.

      4 Benefits of Using CBD Oil for ADHD

      Let’s take a closer look at some of the reported benefits of using CBD to treat symptoms of ADHD.

      1. Relaxed Feelings

      It’s no small thing that ADHD is often accompanied by anxiety. Some studies have shown that CBD has great promise in treating a wide variety of anxiety disorders, including generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and social anxiety disorder. In addition, it has a bit of an antidepressant effect. These combined effects can help generate overall feelings of calm and well being.

      2. Reduced Impulsivity

      One of the key symptoms of ADHD is extreme impulsivity, which may be reduced by using CBD as a treatment. One study of ADHD subtypes , conducted in 2013, showed that out of nearly 3k participants, those who did not self-medicate using cannabis reported a higher incidence of hyperactive-impulsive symptoms, which may indicate that participants who used marijuana to self-medicate found relief from symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity.

      In addition, a 2017 pilot study of 30 adults with ADHD found that cannabidiol was associated with small improvements in hyperactivity/impulsivity and inattention among participants. Continued research may reveal additional details about how CBD helps reduce impulsive behavior.

      3. Increased Dopamine

      Dopamine is an important neurotransmitter produced by our brains. It activates the brain’s pleasure center and leads to feelings of satisfaction, reward, and wellbeing. In addition, dopamine helps regulate mood, improve memory and focus, and support learning, planning, and productivity.

      Some patients with ADHD also have lower than typical levels of dopamine, which can greatly affect focus and concentration. Because CBD can encourage the production of anandamide, a naturally occurring cannabinoid found in the body that helps regulate both dopamine and serotonin, cannabidiol treatment ultimately can help increase a patient’s dopamine levels .

      4. Improved Sleep

      While sleep is essential for overall good health and wellbeing, patients who deal with anxiety, ADHD, and other mental health issues often can find it difficult to relax and fall asleep at night—or they may find it difficult to stay asleep once they fall asleep, failing to get the deep and restorative sleep they need for optimal health.

      Studies have found that CBD may have an overall calming effect on the nervous system, which not only helps with feelings of peace and wellbeing during the day, but also can help the nervous system transition into a stage of deep, restful sleep. And while research remains in early stages, there is some indication that CBD therapy may help patients overcome sleep issues such as excessive daytime sleepiness , insomnia , or REM sleep behavior disorder .

      And in addition to better overall health and wellbeing, improved, more restful sleep often can help patients with ADHD better manage symptoms , such as poor focus, impulsivity, and hyperactivity during the day.

      What Forms of CBD are Used for ADHD?

      CBD oil is generally the most common form of treatment, though CBD also is available in a supplement or capsule form, or even as CBD gummies . There is no current research comparing the efficacy of different types of CBD delivery methods. If you’re trying CBD for the first time, oil is a good way to begin, since it allows you to know exactly what dosage you’re getting, and you can start with the smallest dose possible and work up until you find the dose that provides a therapeutic effect without adverse side effects.

      Before buying any CBD product, be sure to make sure the company has a positive reputation. Look for products

      • Clearly labeled as to be free of herbicides or pesticides
      • Registered or certified by a State agency to verify potency
      • Clearly labeled with a reference to third-party testing to back up the safety of the CBD

      While CBD also can be inhaled, we recommend avoiding this delivery method. Inhaling CBD puts the compound into the bloodstream faster, which might not be a good idea if you’ve never used it before. Also, in general, the medical community has significant concerns about the inhaling or vaping of CBD— including the likelihood of breathing difficulties, long-term lung damage, and even death. It is much safer to take CBD orally, through either an oil, a CBD tincture , or a capsule.

      What is the Recommended Dosage for ADHD?

      It’s important to keep in mind that because CBD is not an FDA-approved medical or therapeutic ADHD treatment, the FDA has issued no guidelines when it comes to effective dosage. And remember that research into treating ADHD with CBD is scarce and still largely in early stages, though one 2018 study has suggested that a single 300-milligram dose may be enough to reduce anxiety. In addition, CBD has been shown to be well tolerated at doses of up to 1,500 milligrams per day.

      The best way to find your ideal CBD dosage is through a process known as titration or stepwise dosing. Starting with a minimum baseline dose, you’ll gradually increase your dosage (usually every three days) until you find your most effective dose. The most effective dose will be the dose that provides the most therapeutic effect with the least amount of adverse events or side effects. A good place to start is with a five to ten milligram dose, one to two times per day, providing a total daily dose of 10 to 20 milligrams. After a seven-day base period, gradually increase dosage by five milligrams every three days until you reach the effect that’s best for you.

      It’s important to remember that everyone responds differently to CBD treatment, so you may have to experiment a bit to find the dosage—whether pure CBD oil, CBD soft gels , or CBD capsules—that is ideal for your body and your particular symptoms. There is no standard CBD dosage for every person or for every condition. As always, it’s important to speak with your doctor about your desire to treat your ADHD symptoms with CBD, and to work with them to develop a plan to find your ideal dose.

      CBD is a Promising Option for Those Living with ADHD

      While there is certainly optimism around CBD’s ability to manage the symptoms of ADHD, more research is needed to fully understand the relationship between CBD and ADHD. Until then, make sure to talk with your doctor if you’re considering treating ADHD symptoms with CBD. They can help you understand the legal requirements of your state and talk with you about proper dosing.

      If you’re ready to try CBD for ADHD, consider shopping FarmerAndChemist.com. We offer a wide variety of high quality CBD products that could provide a bit of relief for your ADHD symptoms. Our pharmacists and pharmacy technicians are more than happy to help if you have any questions! Just visit our store in Midvale, Utah or call us at 385-900-8997.

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