Missouri has notoriously been progressive about CBD access and cannabidiol laws, but confusion sets in with reports about police seizing CBD products in the state. Is CBD legal in Missouri? Or is CBD possession considered risky business? Luckily, CBD is both legal and accessible, and there are very few restrictions set Missouri residents can only use CBD oil legally if they have a hemp extract registration card. Learn more.
Is CBD Legal in Missouri?
Missouri has notoriously been progressive about CBD access and cannabidiol laws, but confusion sets in with reports about police seizing CBD products in the state.
Is CBD legal in Missouri? Or is CBD possession considered risky business?
Luckily, CBD is both legal and accessible, and there are very few restrictions set forth by the state of Missouri.
This lack of regulation can be risky, though, so it’s important to understand Missouri CBD laws and how to access safe CBD products in the state.
Here are the details you need to know:
Disclaimer: We’re always working to stay informed on the latest CBD laws and research. However, state laws are subject to change and we advise that you do your own research to verify the information you find in this article. This is not intended as legal advice.
- Missouri has lenient CBD laws, and even allows the use of CBD in foods, drinks, and alcoholic beverages.
- The state has no minimum age for CBD, but vendors may restrict access to consumers under 21.
- Doctors may recommend CBD in Missouri, but you do not need a prescription to access it. The exception lies in the state’s medical hemp program, which may allow access to other forms of CBD with a doctor’s recommendation.
- CBD may be accessible at a variety of locations in Missouri, but the quality is in question. Certain practices, like buying CBD online and properly vetting your CBD brand, may reduce the risks of buying low-quality formulas.
Legal Concerns About CBD
It’s true that CBD gained its federal legal status in 2018. The Hemp Farming Act effectively removed industrial hemp and its natural derivatives (like cannabinoids) from the Controlled Substances Act.
But there’s a catch, and it complicates things:
Legal CBD products must come from industrial hemp.
This classification is designated to hemp material that meets a strict set of standards. The most significant is that it contains less than 0.3% THC on a dry weight basis. If CBD products are made from any cannabis strain that contains more than 0.3% THC, it is not a federally legal product.
The final product must contain less than 0.3% THC, too.
That means that even if a brand starts with legal hemp material, they need to carry out careful manufacturing procedures to produce a legal end product. It’s possible for certain cannabinoids to be “concentrated” during the extraction process, leading to higher THC concentrations than in the original material. Proper manufacturing and careful testing need to be employed to avoid this issue.
Because there is very little regulation in the CBD industry, it’s important to evaluate a brand carefully before you buy. It can be hard to tell if a CBD product is made from a legal hemp source and meets the federal guidelines for legal hemp products. The best way to ensure that your CBD products are legal is by checking the third-party lab tests for cannabinoid potency.
Of course, these regulations only apply on a federal scale. You must also ensure that your products meet the standards laid out by federal guidelines and those set by your state.
What are the CBD laws in Missouri?
Missouri historically has imposed lenient CBD laws, with public legalization coming before the 2018 Farm Bill even passed into law. In 2014, the state passed HB 2238, which made CBD accessible to those with epilepsy under restricted circumstances. The bill required that patients get a recommendation from a neurologist and obtain a registration card to access state-approved CBD products.
The state signed HB 2034 in June 2018, a bill that officially removed hemp from the state’s list of controlled substances. Although it does not mention CBD directly, it describes “hemp” as the plant and its derivatives, including extracts and cannabinoids. Therefore, CBD derived from a legal source with less than 0.3% THC is deemed legal in the state.
The state imposes very few regulations or restrictions on CBD products, and has no restrictions on CBD in foods and drinks, unlike the more restricted states of California, Georgia, and Michigan. In fact, the Missouri Division of Alcohol and Tobacco Control issued a statement declaring that the division has no authority to restrict the use of CBD (so long as it contains no THC) in alcoholic beverages.
Ultimately, CBD is legal and accessible throughout the state, with very few regulations in place to protect consumers.
Is full spectrum CBD legal in Missouri?
It’s easy to assume that CBD isolate is legal in many places since it contains no THC, but many consumers are worried that the trace amounts of THC found in full-spectrum CBD products may cause trouble in states where cannabis is illegal.
Luckily, Missouri has no laws restricting full spectrum CBD products that contain 0.3% THC or less.
Does Missouri have a CBD possession limit?
Missouri does not define any possession limits for CBD products derived from industrial hemp that meet state requirements. Other CBD products, like those derived from cannabis, may only be accessible through the state’s medical program, which imposes different restrictions.
Can doctors prescribe CBD in Missouri?
In Missouri, you do not need a prescription to access CBD products. In fact, doctors typically cannot “prescribe” CBD products that are sold over the counter, rather they may “recommend” them. Even in states where medical marijuana is legal, access usually requires a doctor’s recommendation, not a prescription.
In Missouri, you may also be able to access various CBD products through the state’s medical hemp program, which requires a neurologist’s recommendation.
CBD is still new, and only one CBD product has been approved by the FDA to date. This product, GW Pharmaceuticals’ Epidiolex, is designed to treat rare forms of childhood epilepsy. Aside from this product (which comes with stringent usage guidelines), many doctors are still learning about CBD. If you’re interested in the benefits of CBD, you may need to spark a conversation with your doctor.
Where to buy CBD in Missouri?
In Missouri, there are virtually no regulations on CBD products besides restrictions regarding hemp source and THC content. That means that CBD may be accessible in many places, including grocery markets and convenience stores.
Still, the state imposes no regulations to ensure consumer safety, and this lack of regulation can be risky.
Buying CBD online is a suitable option for most consumers. When you buy CBD online directly from the brand, you get better oversight of the brand’s manufacturing practices. Looking at the brand’s hemp source and lab testing procedures can help ensure that the CBD products you choose are clean, potent, and meet legal guidelines.
Buying CBD directly from a brand instead of from a third-party market may also be less costly since you won’t have to pay the extra fees that are often tacked on by the middle man. Of course, premium CBD can be expensive to manufacture, so you should also be wary of products that offer low-ball prices.
Finally, buying CBD online may be the best way to access many different types of CBD. The most common type of CBD product is an oil tincture, but you can find a variety of CBD edibles, topicals, and other specialty products when you shop online.
For more information on how to find high-quality CBD products, check out our CBD Buyer’s Guide.
Can you buy CBD at 18 in Missouri?
The legal age to buy CBD is fuzzy, even when looking at federal regulations. In theory, CBD should be accessible to people of all ages, especially since it gained its popularity as a treatment for various childhood illnesses. Of course, some products may not be suitable for people of all ages, like smokable hemp flower or CBD vaporizers.
In Missouri, there are no statewide regulations regarding the legal age to buy CBD. Instead, these laws may vary by jurisdiction and are more heavily impacted by the seller. Since the legal age for tobacco products has been raised to 21, many smoke shops may require users to be 21.
Many CBD brands allow customers who are 18 or older to order online and will ship legal CBD products to Missouri.
Is CBD legal in all 50 states?
Thanks to federal updates, CBD has the potential to be legal in every U.S. state. CBD is legal in Missouri, but every state has different regulations regarding the manufacture and sale of CBD. Click here to find out where CBD is legal.
Is CBD Oil Legal in Missouri? – August 2022
A hemp extract registration card is required to buy and consume CBD oil legally in Missouri (4) . Residents with certain medical conditions can obtain this card from the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services (DHSS).
Individuals qualify for the card if they have the following medical conditions , as listed by the DHSS (5) :
- Intractable epilepsy
- Treatment-resistant migraines
- Chronic pain, such as pain associated with seizures and multiple sclerosis
- Debilitating psychiatric disorders
- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
- Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)
- A terminal illness
- Inflammatory bowel disease, autism, neuropathies, wasting syndrome, and Alzheimer’s disease
- Other debilitating medical conditions diagnosed by a physician
Cardholders are allowed to possess and use hemp CBD without fear of prosecution. However, they can only use products with less than 0.3% THC ( tetrahydrocannabinol ) by weight (6) .
THC is one of the primary compounds of cannabis plants known for its mind-altering effects when consumed (7) .
Missouri law also requires these hemp extracts to have at least 5% cannabidiol while having no other psychoactive substance (8) .
Moreover, qualified patients are required to consume marijuana in private (9) . Using cannabis in public places, such as sidewalks, bridges, streets, schools, businesses, and parks, is prohibited.
CBD shop owners may designate private spaces where patients can use medical marijuana.
Individuals who wish to consume hemp products should be approved for the Missouri Hemp Extract Registration Program (MHERP). To apply, individuals must (10) :
- Submit a completed Missouri Hemp Registration Card Application form
- Submit a completed Missouri Hemp Extract Registration Neurologist Certification form
- Provide a copy of their Missouri photo identification
- Provide a copy of their neurologist ‘s evaluation
A hemp registration card is valid for one year only . Cardholders who want to remain listed in the program should reapply. Currently, there are only two licensed facilities in Missouri that sell hemp extracts .
With the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill , industrial hemp was no longer a controlled substance in the United States (11) . Still, residents of Missouri should adhere to MHERP policies and all the regulations established through the medical marijuana program .
Missouri CBD Laws
The cultivation of hemp in Missouri can be traced back to 1835 (12) . Records showed that peak hemp production occurred around the mid – to late 19 th century.
After the 1970 Controlled Substance Act was passed , controlled substances have been categorized into five schedules based on abuse potential, and cannabis (marijuana) remains a Schedule 1 drug under federal law (13) .
In 2014, after over 40 years, Missouri started making changes to its marijuana laws .
These are the state laws related to CBD legalization in Missouri :
Senate Bill 491
The year 2014 saw partial decriminalization of cannabis possession through Senate Bill 491 (14) .
Individuals caught in possession of 10 grams of marijuana or less do not face prison time. Instead, they should pay a maximum fine of $500.
Senate Bill 491 passed the Senate and became law without the signature of the then Governor Jay Nixon (15) . However, the law did not take effect until January 2017.
House Bill 2238
In July 2014, the then Governor Jay Nixon signed House Bill 2238 or the Missouri Medical Marijuana Bill (16) . The law allowed Missouri residents to treat persistent seizures with CBD oil , provided that they have a registration card.
House Bill 2238 assigned the Missouri Department of Agriculture (MDA) to grow industrial hemp and produce extracts to treat epileptic residents. The bill only legalizes hemp extracts that have at least 5% CBD and less than 0.3% THC .
The MDA was tasked to provide cultivation and production facility licenses to nonprofit entities to start producing CBD hemp oil .
Missouri Amendment 2
In November 2018, Missouri voters passed a ballot measure on marijuana legalization (17) . It allowed medical marijuana patients to grow up to six cannabis plants at home. They could also purchase at least four ounces of cannabis per month.
Amendment 2 levied a 4% tax for every medical marijuana sale. The tax proceeds went to housing assistance, job training efforts , and healthcare services to veterans.
Despite Amendment 2’s approval, two other initiatives did not win the people’s votes . Amendment 3 had a provision to add to the existing qualifying conditions. However, the proposed tax rate for medical marijuana use was higher, at 15% (18) .
Proposition C, a statutory change, was intended to lower the medical cannabis tax. However, it only garnered 44% support from Missouri voters and was not approved .
Senate Bill 133
Senate Bill 133 was drafted by Senator Mike Cunningham and signed to law by Governor Mike Parson in June 2019 (19) . The bill requires any person who sells or distributes hemp to obtain a permit from the MDA.
Under this law, hemp registration may be transferred to a person who meets a registrant’s requirements. It also requires farmers to have a separate registration for each outdoor or indoor hemp cultivation area.
Hemp farmers need to have their crops tested for THC . Any crop that averages more than the allowed THC concentration under federal law may be destroyed.
The Missouri State Highway Patrol may also carry out aerial surveillance to check for illegal industrial hemp farms.
- Columbia – In 2004, Columbia passed a ballot to decriminalize medical cannabis (20) . One of its objectives was to ensure that qualified patients were not punished for possessing medical marijuana .
- St. Louis – In 2013, the city voted to allow police to cite individuals rather than arrest them for possessing o ver 35 grams of marijuana (21) . The cited persons are subjected to a fine ranging from $100 to $500.
- Kansas City – In 2017, city residents approved a ballot measure to decriminalize individuals who possess up to 35 grams of marijuana (22) . Violators were required to pay a fee of $25 and did not face jail time.
People who want to grow hemp plants commercially are required to apply for an MDA Hemp Program license. These are the essential details applicants should know about the application process (23) :
- Interested individuals can send their applications at any time of the year.
- Forms must be mailed to this address: Missouri Department of Agriculture , Industrial Hemp Program, PO Box 630, Jefferson City, MO 65102-0630.
- Each application must include a nonrefundable personal check, business check, cashier’s check, or money order of $750 to be paid to the Missouri Department of Agriculture .
- Producers are required to submit to a state and federal criminal background check.
- There is no restriction on the number of permits or registrations that can be issued.
- There is no minimum or maximum acreage for registrants.
- Registrations and permits are valid for three years. Continued compliance is required to maintain the license .
- License holders should pay an annual fee of $750.
- Individuals are limited to one parcel of land for each application. A parcel is a piece of land that has a unique legal land description.
- A p roducer r egistration authorizes individual s to cultivate industrial hemp in the state. Registered producers are allowed to sell their crops once the hemp plants have passed the accepted THC levels.
- An Agricultural Hemp Propagule and Seed Permit allows a person to sell and distribute industrial hemp in Missouri . Permit holders must obtain a p roducer r egistration if they plan to keep agricultural hemp for more than 48 hours.
Producers are responsible for choosing a hemp – testing laboratory that adheres to the state’s medical marijuana laws (24) .
Registered producers must choose a testing laboratory registered with the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). A lab does not have to be located in Missouri . However, producers should review carrier policies before shipping the sample to the laboratory .
Certificates of analysis (COAs) must be sent to the Missouri Department of Agriculture for compliance . Producers can email them to [email protected]
Registered producers are given three days to submit their non-compliant (fail) results. Meanwhile, compliant (pass) results should be sent within thirty days.
Third-party laboratories can send the results on behalf of a producer. However, it is the producer’s responsibility to ensure that the reports are delivered to the program staff.
Buying CBD Legally
Patients and caregivers registered under the MHERP can purchase marijuana for medical use . The patient’s doctor may certify up to 4 ounces of dried, unprocessed cannabis within 30 days (25) .
In case a higher amount of medical marijuana is required, patients need to submit two independent doctor certifications. These documents should specify the additional amount required by the patient.
How to Choose Which CBD Products to Buy
Due to CBD legality in the United States , Missouri residents can now use cannabidiol for various reasons. Many stores and dispensaries are now selling high-quality CBD products , such as topicals, edibles, oils, and vapes .
To determine the best CBD oil product in Missouri , one should seek a brand that meets legal requirements.
Here are a few things to keep in mind when deciding to buy CBD oil in Missouri :
Check Brand Reviews
Before buying CBD products in Missouri, individuals must check brand reviews, including ratings and accreditation from the Better Business Bureau (BBB). BBB-accredited brands are reliable as they pass certain categories, like customer service and ethical business practices.
Moreover, membership in hemp organizations, such as the Missouri Hemp Producers Association, is another relevant factor when assessing a brand’s credibility.
Purchase Third-Party Lab–Tested Products Only
Reputable third-party laboratories ensure that hemp CBD products do not have unwanted additives. These contaminants can include harmful solvents and heavy metals.
Through third-party lab reports , users can determine if the product’s actual CBD content matches what the brand has on the product label.
Ideal CBD companies make these lab reports readily accessible to the public. Many online retailers upload their COAs on their website.
Choose CO2–Extracted CBD
Supercritical CO 2 extraction is considered a safe and efficient method of obtaining cannabinoids from cannabis (26) . The approach does not require using additional solvents or heat, ensuring the purity of the final product.
The equipment required to perform CO 2 extraction is expensive. Still, companies that use this method are more likely to commit to producing high-quality CBD products .
Double-Check THC Levels
According to federal law , CBD products with a THC content of more than 0.3% are illegal (27) . People in possession of CBD with high THC levels may be subject to prosecution.
Individuals should double-check the THC content of their CBD before making a purchase. Accessing a product’s certificate of analysis can help identify THC levels.
Be Knowledgeable of CBD Product Labels
Buyers should ensure that they acquire CBD from brands that follow the correct packaging and labeling guidelines. Therapeutic claims on CBD product labels are not allowed by the Food and Drug Administration ( FDA ) (28) .
These are the following details to look for when checking product labels:
- Amount of CBD per serving
- Ingredients used in the product
- Net weight
- Name of distributor or manufacturer
- Suggested product use
- CBD type
- Batch code
Many reputable CBD brands readily provide these details on the packages of their products.
Where to Buy CBD Products Legally
Missouri residents need to provide a neurologists’ recommendation instead of a prescription before they can buy CBD oil (29) .
These are the DHSS-licensed dispensaries where users can buy CBD oil in Missouri (30) :
- GRD Moberly in Moberly
- BeLeaf Medical in Saint Peters
- Missouri Health & Wellness in Sedalia and Washington
- Harmony in Neosho
- The Dispensary in Cassville
- Old Route 66 Wellness in Springfield and Ozark
- Nirvana Bliss in Ballwin and Ellisville
- Fresh Green in Lee’s Summit
These CBD shops in Missouri have been approved to operate as of November 30 , 2020.
Apart from the minimum standards, like the entity being owned by natural persons who have been residents of the state for at least a year and the entity not operating within 1,000 feet of an existing elementary or secondary school or church, DHSS requirements include the following (31) :
- Character, background, veracity, qualifications, and relevant experience of principal officers or managers
- Site security
- Capacity or experience with healthcare , the suitability of the proposed location, and its accessibility for patients
Evaluations include numerical scoring. Thus, DHSS-licensed dispensaries are credible as they have passed in terms of safety, security, and credibility.
Missouri residents can also buy online, directly from the brand’s website or from other CBD retailers.
CBD is a compound obtained from cannabis plants believed to exert several pharmacological effects. It has been found to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties (32) .
There are three types of cannabidiol oils available: full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and CBD isolates.
Full-spectrum CBD contains all the components of cannabis plants . It includes THC and other phytocannabinoids, which some people prefer.
Meanwhile, b road-spectrum CBD offers the same cannabinoid profile as full-spectrum CBD, except it has no THC . This variant is for individuals who want to avoid failing a drug test or are allergic to THC .
People who prefer to consume pure CBD can choose isolates. These products are often sold in crystalline or powdered form. Users can inhale CBD isolates by heating them through a device called “dab rig.”
Missouri residents can only use CBD oil if they have a hemp extract registration card. This card can be obtained through the Missouri Hemp Extract Registration Program .
Cardholders can possess and use CBD, granted that the product contains less than 0.3% THC by dry weight. The product should also contain at least 5% cannabidiol .
One way to verify CBD and THC content is by checking a product’s certificate of analysis. Most reputable CBD companies make their lab reports readily available to the public.
People should seek advice from a doctor before deciding to purchase any CBD product . A physician can advise users on cannabidiol use and its potential interactions with other prescribed medications.