CBD is derived from hemp, which is almost devoid of THC. THC is the chemical in marijuana that gives you a high. By law, hemp must contain no more than 0.3 percent THC to be considered hemp, otherwise, growers are at risk of prosecution under federal law.
The main active ingredient in hemp is CBD, and CBD does not have any psychoactive properties. Instead, CBD has been credited with relieving anxiety, inflammation, insomnia, and pain, although “credited” does not mean proven.
Marijuana-derived CBD products are illegal on the federal level; however, may be legal in some states. Check your state laws on CBD products.
Are CBD products legal?
But because most CBD products are not FDA approved, strengths and purity can vary between brands and even within the same brand, meaning that there is no guarantee that you are getting what you think you are getting.
Hemp-derived CBD products that contain less than 0.3% tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are legal on a federal level; however, they may still be illegal in some states.
However, research into the effectiveness of CBD oil only tested pure CBD oil, not gummies. Even for pure CBD oil, there are very few well-conducted trials backing up its apparent health benefits, although research is expected to ramp up now that laws distinguish between hemp and marijuana.
This means that even though hemp and marijuana have a few things in common, there are notable differences, with the most crucial being that hemp is almost devoid of THC, which is the chemical in marijuana that gives you a high. In fact, by law, hemp must contain no more than 0.3 percent THC to be considered hemp, otherwise, growers are at risk of prosecution under federal law.
Trey Malone receives funding from the U.S. Department if Agriculture, the Charles Koch Foundation, and the Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development.
However, medical research on marijuana is severely restricted by federal law.
Though 15 states have now legalized recreational marijuana, it remains illegal federally in the United States. Technically, those in possession of marijuana in a legal weed state can still be punished under federal law, and traveling across state borders with cannabis is prohibited.
“Broad spectrum” CBD typically contains at least three other cannabinoids, as well as some terpenes and flavonoids – but still no THC. “Full spectrum” CBD, also called “whole flower” CBD, is similar to broad spectrum but can contain up to 0.3% THC.
Another big difference among hemp, marijuana and CBD is how the law treats them.
The United States is still under cannabis prohibition at the federal level, but you may have noticed that CBD has really hit the mainstream in the last couple of years. That’s thanks to the 2018 Farm Bill, which cleared the way for hemp-derived products in all 50 states, independent of the status of recreational marijuana.
With CBD’s rising popularity, there’s a common myth: CBD exclusively, is the beneficial cannabinoid while THC should be avoided due to its intoxicating effects. In reality, THC has significant therapeutic properties of its own, especially when paired with CBD.
Why do I need THC in my CBD product?
When you see a 5:1 gummy in a recreational dispensary, it tends to refer to a 5:1 ratio of CBD to THC—but cannabis has so much more going on. In five’s Full Spectrum Gummies, 5:1 refers to the ratio of CBD to a select variety of minor hemp compounds, inclusive of THC and other beneficial cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids.
The Federal Regulations guiding hemp and hemp products is strict: THC may not exceed more than 0.3% of the dry weight of the hemp or its final products; that’s little enough to avoid being intoxicating,
A widely-cited 2006 study by cannabis researchers Ethan Russo and Geoffrey Guy notes that both THC and CBD have anti-inflammatory potential. When combined, CBD can actually counteract THC’s psychoactive side effects like anxiety and sleepiness. Together, according to Russo and Guy, they could be more beneficial and better-tolerated than either would be on their own.